Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

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FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT
6 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]  
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

NOTE 7 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

 

Fair value is defined as the price that would be received upon the sale of an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Fair value measurements are classified and disclosed in one of the following categories:

 

Level 1:

Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities. The Company considers active markets as those in which transactions for the assets or liabilities occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2:

Quoted prices in markets that are not active, or inputs which are observable, either directly or indirectly, for substantially the full term of the asset or liability. This category includes those derivative instruments that the Company values using observable market data. Substantially all of these inputs are observable in the marketplace throughout the term of the derivative instrument, can be derived from observable data, or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace. Instruments in this category include non-exchange traded derivative financial instruments as well as warrants to purchase common stock and long-term incentive plan liabilities calculated using the Black-Scholes model to estimate the fair value as of the measurement date.

Level 3:

Measured based on prices or valuation models that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and less observable from objective sources (i.e. supported by little or no market activity).

 

As required by ASC 820-10, financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment and may affect the valuation of the fair value of assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy levels.

 

Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

The following table sets forth by level within the fair value hierarchy the Company’s derivative financial instruments that were accounted for at fair value on a recurring basis as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2022, respectively:

 

Description  

Quoted Prices in

Active Markets
for 

Identical Assets
(Level 1) 

   

Significant
Other

Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)

   

Significant Other

Unobservable

Inputs
(Level 3)

    Total Fair
Value as of
 
Derivative Financial Instrument at September 30, 2021   $       $ (1,201,656 )   $       $ (1,201,656 )
                                 
Derivative Financial Instrument at March 31, 2022   $     $ (1,385,887 )   $     $ (1,385,887 )

 

The change in derivative financial instruments for the six months ended March 31, 2022 is as follows:

 

September 30, 2021 balance   $ (1,201,656 )
New derivative instruments issued      
Derivative instruments extinguished      
Change in fair value     (184,231 )
March 31, 2022 balance   $ (1,385,887 )

 

 

Non-recurring fair value assessments include impaired oil and natural gas property assessments and stock-based compensation. An impairment charge of approximately $3.1 million and nil was recorded for the quarters ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company recorded stock-based compensation of nil and approximately $33,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The Company recorded stock-based compensation of approximately $32,000 and approximately $33,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.